How to become a citizen of Albania [2023]

Acquiring citizenship of Albania may appear overwhelming. However, with the correct knowledge and direction, you can successfully guide your way through the system. In this article, we will explore a range of possibilities to gain Albanian nationality and review the prerequisites that must be fulfilled in order for it to become a reality.

Eligibility for Citizenship in Albania

If you want to apply for Albanian citizenship, make sure that you understand the important requirements beforehand. According to Albanian law, individuals may be eligible for Albanian citizenship if they fulfill any of these criteria:

  • Born in Albania
  • Born abroad to an Albanian parent
  • Married to an Albanian citizen for at least three years
  • Resided in Albania for a certain period of time (depending on the individual’s circumstances)
  • Has special skills or knowledge that are considered valuable to the country
  • It is important to note that anyone who has held or holds citizenship of another country may be required to renounce that citizenship in order to become a citizen of Albania.

Documentation and Application for Albanian Citizenship

If you are confident that you meet the criteria, it is time to begin collecting your paperwork and preparing to submit your application. The documents requested may differ based on personal circumstances; however, they typically include:

  • Your Birth certificate
  • A Marriage certificate (if applicable)
  • A police clearance certificate from your local police station
  • A valid passport or national ID card
  • Proof of current residence
  • Evidence of special skills or knowledge (if applicable)
  • Renunciation of previous citizenship (if applicable)

The application for citizenship should be submitted to the Ministry of Interior in Albania. The process can take several months to complete, and the Ministry may request additional information or documents before making a decision.

Become a citizen of Albania – Different methods explained

Here are the different ways you can become a citizen of Albania

Albanian citizenship by naturalization

Let’s talk about naturalization. It is the process of acquiring Albanian citizenship through the fulfillment of certain requirements. In Albania, you may apply for naturalization after living in the country for a certain period of time (which is usually five years). In addition to meeting the residency requirement, every individual must also meet the following criteria:

  • Must be able to speak, read and write the Albanian language
  • Must have a basic knowledge of the Albanian history and culture
  • Must have a legal source of income
  • Must not have a criminal record
  • Must not pose a threat to national security
  • It is important to note that the Ministry of Interior has discretion to grant or deny naturalization, and the process can take several months to complete.

Albanian citizenship acquisition by birth

An individual born in Albania is automatically considered to be an Albanian citizen. If an individual is born abroad but has at least one parent who is currently an Albanian citizen, they may also acquire citizenship through birth. But it is important to remember that in this case, the parent must register their child’s birth with the nearest Albanian consulate in the country they are residing in within one year of the birth.

Albanian citizenship acquisition through marriage

If an individual marries an Albanian citizen, then he or she may acquire citizenship after living in the country for at least three years. In addition to that, the individual must also meet the following criteria:

  • Must be able to speak, read and write the Albanian language
  • Must have a basic knowledge of Albanian history and culture
  • Must not have a criminal record
  • Must not pose a threat to national security
  • It is important to note that the Ministry of Interior has the discretion to grant or deny citizenship through marriage, and the process can take several months to complete.

Albanian citizenship acquisition with special skills or knowledge

Another way for a person to acquire citizenship in Albania is by showing that he or she has special skills or knowledge that are valuable to the country. This could be in many areas, including science, technology, education, or culture.

If you plan on applying for citizenship through this route, applicants must submit their detailed CVs and all relevant documentation or certifications that demonstrate their expertise in the field.

The Ministry of Interior will then review your application and determine whether your skills or knowledge are deemed valuable to the country.

Albanian citizenship acquisition by Investment

Like many countries worldwide, Albania also provides a special program for foreign investors who want to acquire their citizenship in Albania through investment. This program is designed to attract inflows of foreign investment, which will then be used to boost the country’s economic growth.

To earn citizenship through investments, you must make a significant financial commitment to the respective nation; this may include buying real estate or launching a business. However, it’s important to note that investment qualifications will vary depending on what type of venture you choose. Ultimately, your chosen endeavor should be substantial and supply an immense benefit for the country as a whole.

If you’re an entrepreneur, investor, or high-net-worth individual with family members looking to acquire citizenship in Albania, the expedited process is perfect for you. With this exclusive option, eligible individuals can gain their Albanian passports within three months – a fraction of the time it usually takes using the standard procedure! Not only does this make travel and integration more convenient but also provides these wealthy people and entrepreneurs with a range of benefits that come along with being an Albanian citizen.

Albanian citizenship for children

All children born to an Albanian parent, regardless of the location of birth, are immediately granted Albanian citizenship. If one or both parents are not married and/or the father is not a citizen themselves, then registration must take place at the closest consulate within twelve months after their child’s birth date. Furthermore, if adopted by an Albanian national afterward – adoption also permits them to obtain this same status.

Dual Citizenship in Albania

Albanian citizens are graced with the opportunity to maintain two nationalities, allowing them to hold on to their original citizenship while also enjoying the unique privileges of being an Albanian. This dual citizenship law grants individuals numerous benefits and opportunities that they would otherwise be unable to access.

Citizenship Revocation

It is critical to understand that Albanian citizens may have their citizenship revoked on the basis of fraud or misrepresentation, national security threats posed, and/or conviction for a serious offense. Furthermore, individuals who acquire citizenship through naturalization are liable to lose it if they remain out of Albania for over three consecutive years.


Becoming a citizen of Albania can be a complex process, but with the right information and guidance, it is possible to navigate the system and successfully acquire citizenship. If you desire to become an Albanian citizen, there are several paths available to you: through marriage, birthright citizenship, residency status, investing money in the country, or even exhibiting specific skills and knowledge.

It’s essential to comprehend the qualifications necessary for eligibility–and gather all pertinent documents–as well as be familiarized with both the potential risks and rewards of acquiring dual citizenship. Ultimately, the process can take time, and it’s important to be patient, but with the right preparation and assistance, it is possible to acquire Albanian citizenship and enjoy all the benefits that come with it.

Mariah J

Mariah J

Mariah J is a Paralegal from Sacramento, CA. She graduated from Eastern Gateway College with a Paralegal Business Degree.